The number of open-access journals and publications is growing rapidly. These publications can be viewed and assessed by a wider audience, allowing for a broader and more rapid spread of the research. Open-access publishing operates in the same manner as a traditional journal, except that the cost of publishing is covered by the author or a funding body. Once a publication is accepted, it becomes available for free online. A lot of offshore renewable energy research is undertaken by small companies with limited budgets, and just like in the case of open-source software, having free resources can have a huge impact.